Every woman will experience menopause. The natural process of the body is marked by the end of a menstrual cycle is usually experienced by women when the age range of 40 to 50-an. Signs of menopause will usually appear before the menopause occurs.
Menopause occurs when the ovaries no longer release eggs and women stop menstruating. In other words, after entering the menopause, the female reproductive ability will end.
Signs of menopause actually have started to occur since the perimenopause, the transition period that occurred several years before the menopause. At this time, the ovaries will gradually start producing fewer estrogens. Generally, perimenopause will occur for 4 years but may last longer or shorter in some women.
Perimenopause is then called menopause after a woman no longer experiences menstruation for at least 12 months. However, before menopause occurs, menstrual cycles may change that make the bleeding more or less.
In addition to menstrual cycle changes, some other signs of menopause such as:
Frequent urination and urinary tract infection (UTI)
Frequent urination may be experienced by women who are menopausal. Meanwhile, the pain during urination may also occur due to tissue in the vagina and urethra thinning and loss of elasticity. In addition to frequent urination, some women will also be more susceptible to urinary tract infection (UTI).
Therefore, if you frequently urinate and feel a burning sensation during urination is advised to consult a doctor to get treatment. Your doctor may give you antibiotics.
Thermal sensation (hot flashes)
The heat that radiates throughout the body is the most common symptom of menopause and most women feel it. This heat usually occurs suddenly and there is no known cause. In addition to the heat, generally the symptoms are felt the body sweats, redness and palpitations or pounding.
It is advisable to consult a doctor if the heat generated is so disturbing. Your doctor may recommend specific medicinal options, such as hormonal therapy or supplements. To prevent the occurrence of hot flashes, it is advisable to avoid stress, reduce consumption of alcohol, caffeine, and spicy foods, and use comfortable clothes made from cool.
During menopause, you may experience insomnia or have trouble sleeping. If this happens, it is advisable to do the relaxation by adjusting the breathing, in a comfortable position to sleep. You can also exercise during the day, so feel tired at night. It is also advisable to keep the phone while going to sleep so as not to be tempted to use it. Balance with a healthy lifestyle and avoid caffeinated beverages and alcohol.
Decreased sex drive
At menopause, the decrease in estrogen can make the sex drive decrease. Changes that result from decreased estrogen include the clitoris is less sensitive to stimulation, dry vagina, and slow or no orgasmic response at all. If this is experienced, do not hesitate to communicate to the couple, then consult the doctor to get the solution.
The vagina feels dry and painful when having sex
Decreased production of estrogen and progesterone in the body can affect the moisture layer that lines the vaginal wall, and even reduce the production of vaginal fluid that serves to lubricate the sex organs during sexual intercourse.
Dry vagina is characterized by the appearance of itching and accompanied by a burning sensation in the area around the vagina. So that triggers pain when having sex. You can use a water-based lubricant, but if still feeling uncomfortable, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
Decreased estrogen hormone affects women’s emotional changes, including making women become irritable, sad, lackluster, anxious, more aggressive, difficulty concentrating, feeling tired, to mood swings. Well, to cope with this emotional change, it is recommended to get enough rest, more relaxed in response to something and trying to reduce stress.